On the occasion of the seventieth birthday
of David Horowitz, first Governor of the Bank of Israel, the Association
of Banks in Israel, in cooperation with the Eliezer Kaplan School
of Economics and Social Sciences of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem,
sponsored a series of annual lectures on Money and International Finance.
Each series is delivered in two parts: one lecture is given in Jerusalem
and the second in Tel Aviv.
This volume contains the third series of the Horowitz Lectures,
delivered in April 1972.
All issues of economic policy have two separable aspects: first, positive
economics, the scientific question of the relations that we are dealing
with, the question of the effect of any action taken; second, normative
economics, the policy question of the results we want to achieve and
how best to achieve them.
My two lectures correspond to this division. Today, I shall talk almost
exclusively about positive economics in the field of money—about
what is true, or believed to be true, and what evidence we have for
it. In my second lecture on Thursday, I shall try to bring positive
economic analysis to bear on the question of what is an appropriate
monetary policy for a developing economy. That discussion will be
concerned with developing economics in general, but I think it has
a great deal of relevance to Israel in particular.
SECOND LECTURE: Monetary Policy in Developing Countries